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Augustus Caesar Mask - Item #301

$ 275.00



17 Inches High x 10 Inches Wide x 10 Inches Deep

Mask from Item #400, the statue of Augustus Caesar. Augustus's features are idealized here as he desired for his portraits. No matter his age, the Roman Emperor who ruled from 27 B.C.E. to 14 C.E. would direct that a new portrait depict him as a handsome, young man. Even after his death sculptors continued to show him in the way he desired, as was the case with this statue. Here he is shown in the Greek classic style of the 5th and 4th centuries B.C.E. with simplified features, an aquiline nose, and overlapping locks of hair. The original marble statue is likely a copy of an earlier bronze statue, and the marble would have been painted; remnants of many colors have been found. The statue was discovered in 1863 in Prima Porta outside of Rome in the villa where Augustus's wife lived after he died. Comparisons have been made between the sculpture and a type of Greek figurative sculpture, an example of which is the Doryphoros now located in the Naples National Archaeological Museum. The two statues are similar in stance and in classical features.


Artist: Unknown

Museum: Vatican Museums, Vatican City

Origin: Villa of Livia at Prima Porta

Time Period: Ancient Roman- Early 1st century C.E.

1911 Catalog ID # - 13497



"Augustus from Prima Porta." Musei Vaticani,

Pollini, John. "The Augustus from Prima Porta and the Transformation of the Polykleitan Heroic Ideal: The Rhetoric of Art." Polykleitos, the Doryphoros, and Tradition, edited by Warren G. Moon, The University of Wisconsin Press, 1995, pp. 262-282. GoogleBooks,

Ramage, Nancy H. and Andrew Ramage. "Augustus and the Imperial Idea, 27 BC-AD 14." Roman Art: Romulus to Constantine. 5th ed., Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009, pp. 111-143.