Lemnian Athena - Item #87
Each piece is custom finished. Depending on a sculpture’s texture and level of detail, the look of a patina can vary. A slight variation in color from order-to-order is to be expected.
Unless otherwise noted, our reproductions are hand-cast in plaster and reinforced with burlap, fiber strands, and/or metal rods for extra strength.
FLAT WHITE: A unified, matte white finish. This is the optimum patina for cast drawing as it allows focus on form.
WHITE PATINA: A white finish with a light ivory tone added to the top surfaces.
LIGHT ANTIQUE PLASTER: A soft mixture of whites, grays, and yellows to replicate the look of an aged plaster cast.
ANTIQUE PLASTER: A dramatic mixture of grays and yellows to replicate the look of an aged plaster cast.
BRONZE: A rich brown finish with golden highlights to replicate the look of bronze.
STONE: A mixture of lighter tones to resemble natural stone.
DARK STONE: A mixture of darker tones to resemble natural stone.
SANDSTONE: A soft base color with warm highlights to resemble the look of natural sandstone.
TERRA COTTA: A variation of warm tones to resemble terra cotta.
ASSYRIAN STONE (Applies only to item numbers 3, 4, 5, 6 and 738): A two-tone patina augmenting the shallow relief sculpture and its stone texture.
TANAGRA PATINA (Applies only to item numbers 317, 318, 319, 320, 800 and 813): A finish that replicates the colors of the Tanagra figurines as shown in the product images.
18 Inches High x 10.5 Inches Wide x 9.5 Inches Deep
The life-sized head from the over-life-sized figure of Athena. The statue is widely believed to be a Roman marble copy of a Greek bronze original of a Greek goddess, and is probably the famous Athena Lemnia by Phidias which stood on the Acropolis in Athens. Phidias was also the artistic director for the Parthenon. The original piece was commissioned between 451 and 447 B.C.E. The Roman copy was probably made between the late first century B.C.E. and early first century C.E. The German archaeologist Adolf Furtwängler (1853-1907) identified a marble head in the Museo Civico at Bologna and two full statues in Dresden as copies of the original Athena Lemnia by Phidias. His conclusion is still widely agreed with today.
Artist: (original) Phidias
Museum: Museo Civico Archeological, Bologna, Italy
Origin: The Island of Lemnos, The Aegean Sea
Time Period: Ancient Greek, 5th century B.C.E./Ancient Roman, Late 1st century B.C.E. - Early 1st century C.E.
1911 Catalog ID # - 4059
“Athena Lemnia.” Museum number Hm 049. Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, https://skd-online-collection.skd.museum/Details/Index/166019.
“Athena Lemnia.” Museum number Hm 050. Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, https://skd-online-collection.skd.museum/Details/Index/166020.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Phidias: Greek Sculptor.” Encyclopaedia Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Phidias.
“Greek Collection: Head of Athena.” Archaeological Museum of Bologna, http://www.museibologna.it/archeologicoen/percorsi/66287/id/75174/oggetto/74711/.
Hartswick, Kim J. “The Athena Lemnia Reconsidered.” American Journal of Archaeology, vol. 87, no. 3, July 1983, pp. 335-346. JSTOR, https://www.jstor.org/stable/504801?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.
Sorensen, Lee, ed. "Furtwängler, Adolf." Dictionary of Art Historians, http://arthistorians.info/furtwanglera.