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Lemnian Athena - Item #87

$ 490.00



18 Inches High x 10.5 Inches Wide x 9.5 Inches Deep

The life-sized head from the over-life-sized figure of Athena. The statue is widely believed to be a Roman marble copy of a Greek bronze original of a Greek goddess, and is probably the famous Athena Lemnia by Phidias which stood on the Acropolis in Athens. Phidias was also the artistic director for the Parthenon. The original piece was commissioned between 451 and 447 B.C.E. The Roman copy was probably made between the late first century B.C.E. and early first century C.E. The German archaeologist Adolf Furtwängler (1853-1907) identified a marble head in the Museo Civico at Bologna and two full statues in Dresden as copies of the original Athena Lemnia by Phidias. His conclusion is still widely agreed with today.


Artist: (original) Phidias

Museum: Museo Civico Archeological, Bologna, Italy

Origin: The Island of Lemnos, The Aegean Sea

Time Period: Ancient Greek, 5th century B.C.E./Ancient Roman, Late 1st century B.C.E. - Early 1st century C.E.

1911 Catalog ID # - 4059



“Athena Lemnia.” Museum number Hm 049. Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden

“Athena Lemnia.” Museum number Hm 050. Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden,

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Phidias: Greek Sculptor.” Encyclopaedia Britannica,

“Greek Collection: Head of Athena.” Archaeological Museum of Bologna,

Hartswick, Kim J. “The Athena Lemnia Reconsidered.” American Journal of Archaeology, vol. 87, no. 3, July 1983, pp. 335-346. JSTOR,

Sorensen, Lee, ed. "Furtwängler, Adolf." Dictionary of Art Historians,