Columbus Reduction - Item #812
Each piece is custom finished. Depending on a sculpture’s texture and level of detail, the look of a patina can vary. A slight variation in color from order-to-order is to be expected.
Unless otherwise noted, our reproductions are hand-cast in plaster and reinforced with burlap, fiber strands, and/or metal rods for extra strength.
FLAT WHITE: A unified, matte white finish. This is the optimum patina for cast drawing as it allows focus on form.
WHITE PATINA: A white finish with a light ivory tone added to the top surfaces.
LIGHT ANTIQUE PLASTER: A soft mixture of whites, grays, and yellows to replicate the look of an aged plaster cast.
ANTIQUE PLASTER: A dramatic mixture of grays and yellows to replicate the look of an aged plaster cast.
BRONZE: A rich brown finish with golden highlights to replicate the look of bronze.
STONE: A mixture of lighter tones to resemble natural stone.
DARK STONE: A mixture of darker tones to resemble natural stone.
SANDSTONE: A soft base color with warm highlights to resemble the look of natural sandstone.
TERRA COTTA: A variation of warm tones to resemble terra cotta.
ASSYRIAN STONE (Applies only to item numbers 3, 4, 5, 6 and 738): A two-tone patina augmenting the shallow relief sculpture and its stone texture.
TANAGRA PATINA (Applies only to item numbers 317, 318, 319, 320, 800 and 813): A finish that replicates the colors of the Tanagra figurines as shown in the product images.
13 Inches High x 7 Inches Wide x 8 Inches Deep
Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904), the sculptor of the Statue of Liberty, created a statue of Christopher Columbus for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. The Exposition celebrated the 400th anniversary of Columbus's 1492 arrival in the New World. The Providence-based Gorham Manufacturing Company commissioned Bartholdi to design the sculpture, which it would then cast in sterling silver for display at the World's Fair to demonstrate the company's superior craftsmanship. This silver cast was melted down after the Fair and a cast in bronze, a suitable outdoor material, was created for a public monument. The bronze measures 6 feet 8 inches (80 inches) in height. The local Elmwood Association gifted the bronze statue to Providence, and the dedication was held on November 8th, 1893. The sculpture was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2001. In the statue, Columbus is depicted in motion, stepping forward off the base. He holds a globe in his left hand, and he points with his right hand, his arm outstretched. The movement of his body and clothing makes for a compelling work of art.
Artist: Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
Location: Columbus Square in Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Time Period: Modern, 1893
"Christopher Columbus, (sculpture)." Control Number: Inventory of American Sculpture 77001753. Art Inventories Catalog. Smithsonian American Art Museum and Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. https://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?&profile=ariall&source=~!siartinventories&uri=full=3100001~!12785~!0#focus.
"Columbus (Providence, Rhode Island)." Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbus_(Providence,_Rhode_Island).
United States. United States Department of the Interior. National Park Service. "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form 10-900." Columbus, completed by Ronald J. Onorato in April 1999. National Park Service, August 1986. http://www.preservation.ri.gov/pdfs_zips_downloads/national_pdfs/providence/prov_elmwood-avenue_columbus-monument.pdf.