Treaty of Peace & Independence - Item #789
Each piece is custom finished. Depending on a sculpture’s texture and level of detail, the look of a patina can vary. A slight variation in color from order-to-order is to be expected.
Unless otherwise noted, our reproductions are hand-cast in plaster and reinforced with burlap, fiber strands, and/or metal rods for extra strength.
FLAT WHITE: A unified, matte white finish. This is the optimum patina for cast drawing as it allows focus on form.
WHITE PATINA: A white finish with a light ivory tone added to the top surfaces.
LIGHT ANTIQUE PLASTER: A soft mixture of whites, grays, and yellows to replicate the look of an aged plaster cast.
ANTIQUE PLASTER: A dramatic mixture of grays and yellows to replicate the look of an aged plaster cast.
BRONZE: A rich brown finish with golden highlights to replicate the look of bronze.
STONE: A mixture of lighter tones to resemble natural stone.
DARK STONE: A mixture of darker tones to resemble natural stone.
SANDSTONE: A soft base color with warm highlights to resemble the look of natural sandstone.
TERRA COTTA: A variation of warm tones to resemble terra cotta.
ASSYRIAN STONE (Applies only to item numbers 3, 4, 5, 6 and 738): A two-tone patina augmenting the shallow relief sculpture and its stone texture.
TANAGRA PATINA (Applies only to item numbers 317, 318, 319, 320, 800 and 813): A finish that replicates the colors of the Tanagra figurines as shown in the product images.
32 Inches High x 38 Inches Wide
Sculptors Thomas Ball and Richard Saltonstall Greenough designed this relief for the pedestal of Greenough’s sculpture of Benjamin Franklin (installed in 1856) located in front of Boston’s Old City Hall. Ball also sculpted a second relief (Item #787) for the pedestal while Greenough created another two, all four of which depict scenes in Franklin’s life. Thomas Ball (1819-1911) is perhaps best remembered for his equestrian sculpture of George Washington in the Boston Public Garden.
The scene in the relief is the signing of the Treaty of Peace and Independence, more commonly known as the Treaty of Paris. The United States and Great Britain negotiated a treaty in order to end the Revolutionary War and to acknowledge the United States’ independence. Although John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, and Henry Laurens were chosen by the Continental Congress to represent the U.S., only Adams, Franklin, and Jay were able to attend the negotiations in France. They met with David Hartley and Richard Oswald of Great Britain. The talks started in April 1782, the preliminary articles were signed in November of that year, and the treaty was signed on September 3, 1783. The Continental Congress ratified it in early 1784. Although confirmation of those depicted in the relief is elusive, based on appearance the figure standing is likely Franklin and the person sitting at his side is likely Adams.
Artist: Thomas Ball and Richard Saltonstall Greenough
Museum/Location: Boston's Old City Hall
Time Period: Modern, 1856
1911 Catalog ID # - 10045
Boston Art Commission. "Benjamin Franklin." Public Art Boston, http://www.publicartboston.com/content/benjamin-franklin.
City of Boston. "City Document No. 2: Annual Report of the Art Department for the Year Ending January 31, 1911." Documents of the City of Boston, for the Year 1911. In Four Volumes, vol. 1. City of Boston Printing Department, 1912. Pp. 7, https://books.google.com/books?id=7l8wAQAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false.
"Thomas Ball." Smithsonian American Art Museum, https://americanart.si.edu/artist/thomas-ball-218.
"Thomas Ball (artist)." Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Ball_(artist).
"Treaty of Paris." The Reader’s Companion to American History. Edited by Eric Foner and John A. Garraty, Houghton-Mifflin, 1991. History, https://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/treaty-of-paris.
"Treaty of Paris (1783)." Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Paris_(1783).