Parthenon Frieze Reduction - Item #541
Each piece is custom finished. Depending on a sculpture’s texture and level of detail, the look of a patina can vary. A slight variation in color from order-to-order is to be expected.
Unless otherwise noted, our reproductions are hand-cast in plaster and reinforced with burlap, fiber strands, and/or metal rods for extra strength.
FLAT WHITE: A unified, matte white finish. This is the optimum patina for cast drawing as it allows focus on form.
WHITE PATINA: A white finish with a light ivory tone added to the top surfaces.
LIGHT ANTIQUE PLASTER: A soft mixture of whites, grays, and yellows to replicate the look of an aged plaster cast.
ANTIQUE PLASTER: A dramatic mixture of grays and yellows to replicate the look of an aged plaster cast.
BRONZE: A rich brown finish with golden highlights to replicate the look of bronze.
STONE: A mixture of lighter tones to resemble natural stone.
DARK STONE: A mixture of darker tones to resemble natural stone.
SANDSTONE: A soft base color with warm highlights to resemble the look of natural sandstone.
TERRA COTTA: A variation of warm tones to resemble terra cotta.
ASSYRIAN STONE (Applies only to item numbers 3, 4, 5, 6 and 738): A two-tone patina augmenting the shallow relief sculpture and its stone texture.
TANAGRA PATINA (Applies only to item numbers 317, 318, 319, 320, 800 and 813): A finish that replicates the colors of the Tanagra figurines as shown in the product images.
2.25 Inches High x 9 Inches Wide x .5 Inches Deep
Upon arriving in London in 1811 from Scotland and seeing Lord Elgin's collection of Parthenon sculptures, John Henning (1771-1851) asked Lord Elgin for permission to study them. The Scottish sculptor was one of the first artists to do so. Henning drew the reliefs and then sculpted miniatures of them in ivory but, disliking the outcome, instead carved negatives in slate from which plaster casts could be made. He spent 12 years drawing and sculpting the Parthenon and Phigalia (Bassae) friezes. His reproductions, at 1:20 scale, are extremely detailed copies of the original sculptures although at times he did take artistic license and sculpt missing elements. Henning's miniatures of the Parthenon friezes were offered for sale by the British Museum in boxed sets. Unfortunately, Henning could not copyright his detailed sculptures, and they were copied and sold by others.
The Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, is an astounding example of Classical Greek architecture and art. It was built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates while the supervisor, and also the artistic director, for the project was the sculptor Phidias. Situated on the Acropolis in Athens, the Parthenon, at its prime, was a temple of white marble with countless colorful sculptures. Today, it is partially in ruins. The frieze that surrounded the cella, or the interior structure, still exists, but is divided among many museums around the world. The Acropolis Museum and the British Museum hold the majority of the 115 blocks, which formed the 160 meter- (or 525 foot-) long frieze. The narrative is about the procession that took place on the final day of the festival that honored Athena, the Great Panathenaia.
This reduction features sections of panels IV and VI of the Eastern frieze that are above the main entrance of the Parthenon. Depicted are some of the gods and goddesses waiting for the arrival of the procession from either direction. From the left are Hermes, Dionysus, Demeter, Ares, Poseidon, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, and Eros.
Artist: John Henning
Museum: Examples of Henning's casts and molds are in the British Museum, London, and Paisley Museum, Paisley, Scotland
Origin: The Parthenon - Eastern Frieze, Athens
Time Period: Modern, early 19th century
1911 Catalog ID # - 8057 Slab XXXIV
Boardman, John. "East Frieze of the Parthenon." Greek Sculpture: The Late Classical Period and Sculpture in Colonies and Overseas (World of Art), Thames & Hudson, 1995. Classical Art Research Centre and the Beazley Archive at the University of Oxford, https://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/Sculpture/ashmolean/context/parth-east-frzA086e.htm.
Choremi, A. “The Parthenon Frieze. East Frieze.” The Parthenon Frieze. English translation by M. Caskey. Ministry of Culture – Acropolis Restoration Service – First Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities – Department of Information and Education, and National Documentation Centre – National Hellenic Research Foundation, 2009, http://repository.parthenonfrieze.gr/frieze/handle/10442/e.
“The Frieze.” Acropolis Museum, http://www.theacropolismuseum.gr/en/content/frieze-0.
Hadziaslani, C. and I. Kaimara. “About Parthenon.” The Parthenon Frieze. English translation by M. Caskey. Ministry of Culture – Acropolis Restoration Service – First Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities – Department of Information and Education, and National Documentation Centre – National Hellenic Research Foundation, 2009, http://repository.parthenonfrieze.gr/frieze/aboutParthenon.jsp.
"John Henning 1771-1851. Sculptor." National Galleries of Scotland, https://www.nationalgalleries.org/art-and-artists/2719/john-henning-1771-1851-sculptor.
"John Henning: Reproducing Antiquity." Classics & Class, http://www.classicsandclass.info/product/192/.
"John Henning's moulds and casts of the Parthenon sculptures." The Trustees of the British Museum, London. The British Museum Images, https://www.bmimages.com/preview.asp?image=00032937001.
“Parthenon.” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parthenon#Architecture.